Plenary Speakers



William B. McAllister, PhD, will deliver the keynote address at the 44th International Congress for the History of Pharmacy. 

Dr. McAllister holds the position of Special Projects Division Chief in the Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State. He is also Adjunct Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.

Dr. McAllister earned his PhD at the University of Virginia. He is the author of Drug Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century: An International History (Routledge, 2000), as well as many scholarly journal articles and chapters in edited volumes about the historical development of the international drug control regime and U.S. drug policy. He has presented at legislative hearings in Canada and consulted with U.S. government officials about drug policy. McAllister is scheduled to testify as an expert witness in Oklahoma v. Purdue Pharma, et. al., the first opioid-related lawsuit to go to trial in the United States.

 Jacalyn Duffin - ICHP


Jacalyn Duffin, MD, PhD, is a hematologist and historian who held the Hannah Chair of the History of Medicine at Queen’s University, in Kingston, Ontario, from 1988 to 2017.

Dr. Duffin is a former President of both the American Association for the History of Medicine and the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine. She is the author of eight books, includingMedical Saints: Cosmas and Damian in a Postmodern World (Oxford University Press, 2013),History of Medicine: A Scandalously Short Introduction (2d ed., University of Toronto Press, 2010), and Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World (Oxford University Press, 2009). Her ninth book, tentatively entitled Stanley’s Dream: The Medical Expedition to Easter Island, 1964-65, will deal with the Canadian expedition that led to the discovery of the blockbuster drug sirolimus (Rapamycin). She is the author of more than 100 peer-reviewed articles, holds several awards for teaching and research, and is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Canada and the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.

Her research focuses on disease, technology, religion, and health policy. She runs an activist website for the current drug shortage problem and a collaborative translation project for the 17th-century Latin author Paolo Zacchia.

Michael Flannery - ICHP  

Michael A. Flannery is professor emeritus of UAB Libraries, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Professor Flannery has been a longtime member of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy (AIHP) and a member of the International Academy of the History of Pharmacy since 1996.  He also serves as book review editor for Pharmacy in History.

Professor Flannery has authored numerous articles published in such journals as the Journal of the History of MedicineEconomic Botany and Pharmacy in History. He is also the author of several books on the history of American pharmacy, including John Uri Lloyd: The Great American Eclectic (Southern Illinois University Press, 1998), Civil War Pharmacy: A History of Drugs, Drug Supply and Provision, and Therapeutics for the Union and Confederacy (CRC Press, 2004), and Civil War Pharmacy: A History, (Southern Illinois University Press; 2d ed. 2017). He is the co-author of America’s Botanico-Medical Movements: Vox Populi (with Alex Berman) (CRC Press 2001), and Pharmaceutical Education in the Queen City:  150 Years of Service (with Dennis Worthen) (CRC Press, 2001).

Professor Flannery has lectured extensively on topics germane to pharmacy history. His most recent presentation, on “The Government as Apothecary: William Whelan, John Maisch, and the U.S. Naval and Army Laboratories in the Civil War,” was delivered at the 2018 biennial conference of The Society of Civil War Historians in Pittsburgh.

Lucas Richert - ICHP 

Lucas Richert is an Associate Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Pharmacy, where he holds the George Urdang Chair in the History of Pharmacy. He also serves as the Historical Director of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy and the Editor-in-Chief of Pharmacy in History, AIHP's peer-reviewed journal. Professor Richert previously was a Chancellor’s Fellow in History at the University of Strathclyde, in Glasgow, Scotland.

Professor Richert is the author of Conservatism, Consumer Choice and the Food and Drug Administration during the Reagan Era: A Prescription for Scandal (Lexington Books, 2014), which won the Arthur Miller Centre First Book Prize in 2015. His recently-published second book, Strange Trips: Science, Culture, and the Regulation of Drugs (McGill-Queen's Press, 2019), investigates the myths, meanings, and boundaries of recreational drugs, palliative care drugs and pharmaceuticals. Professor Richert also serves as the co-editor of The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs: An Interdisciplinary Journal, a peer-reviewed international journal publishing original academic research in the field of alcohol and drug history.

A native of Saskatchewan, Canada, Professor Richert received his Ph.D. in History from the Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London (now Institute of the Americas, University College London). He received a Master of Science degree in History from the University of Edinburgh.

Professor Richert’s research focuses on the history of substances and the pharmaceutical industry. He is particularly interested in the role that the pharmaceutical industry, recreational drugs, and psychiatry plays in our everyday lives. 


Gregory J. Higby, Ph.D., R.Ph., will deliver the lecture at the Ceremonial Meeting of the International Academy of the History of Pharmacy.

Dr. Higby has been Executive Director of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy since 1988 after serving in various other capacities since 1981. He received his B.Sc. in Pharmacy from the University of Michigan and Ph.D. in Pharmacy from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (under Glenn Sonnedecker). Dr. Higby has also served as the Editor-in-Chief of Pharmacy in History from 1986 to the present.

Dr. Higby’s publications include the books, In Service to American Pharmacy: The Professional Life of William Procter, Jr. (University of Alabama Press, 1992) and The Spirit of Voluntarism: The United States Pharmacopeia 1820-1995 (United States Pharmacopeial Convention, 1995) (co-authored with Lee Anderson). He has co-edited about another dozen books for the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy including Pill Peddlers, American Pharmacy: A Collection of Historical Essays (AIHP, 1990), and Drugstore Memories (AIHP, 2002).

Dr. Higby’s honors include the Edward Kremers Award, the Herman Schelenz Medal, and the University of Michigan College of Pharmacy Distinguished Alumni Award. He was elected to the honorific International Academy of the History of Pharmacy in 1991.

Dr. Higby's research and writing is centered primarily on the development of pharmacy practice in the United States to 1945.  When pressed, he often calls himself a "nineteenth-century drugstore historian."  



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