Keynotes - Saturday

Keynote - Jeffrey Newcorn: How do drugs for ADHD work?

Objective: To describe the mechanisms through which medications for ADHD exert their effects, in context of what is known about efficacy of the different medications for ADHD and associated symptoms.
Method: Selected literature review, highlighting work done by our research group at Mount Sinai Medical Center.
Results: The DSM diagnosis of ADHD is narrowly defined, with a primary focus on inattention and hyperactive/impulsive symptoms, and consistent with a fronto-striatal model of the disorder. However, recent models of ADHD highlight the importance of several other symptomatic/functional domains, including an expanded role for executive dysfunction, mood dysregulation, motivation and salience. Studies of ADHD pathophysiology are consistent with this expanded conceptualization of ADHD and have important implications for diagnosis and treatment. Treatments likewise have a multiplicity of effects, which will be discussed during the talk.
Conclusions: ADHD is a multi-faceted neurodevelopmental disorder that has a strong biological basis. The recent expanded conceptualization of the disorder highlights several new clinical domains of interest. Effective treatments impact multiple brain regions, including attention/executive control, default mode, reward/motivation, emotion regulation networks. The different medications for ADHD have common and unique effects, which may provide a window into the neurobiological basis of differential response. Although some studies point to neurobiological predictors of response to different medications, there are not yet biomarkers available to predict treatment response in clinical practice.


Keynote - Rick Jarman: Social skills training in ADHD: Practical strategies for paediatricians, psychologists and psychiatrists

Social connectedness is arguably the most important determinant of happiness and self esteem in children and adolescents. ADHD children are at much higher risk for being actively excluded and rejected by their peers than others their age. In this session we will review the major categories of social ability, look at what factors are associated with popularity or rejection, and outline practical strategies for helping children make friends, handle negativity and control anger.

Keynotes - Sunday

Keynote - Loretta Giorcelli: Critical understandings for inclusive Schools:The required cultural, curricular, managerial and legal responses to the challenges presented by learners with ADHD

In this presentation Dr Giorcelli will draw from 50 years of educational practice, school and systems leadership and active research to explore the critical characteristics of schools that are able to include and support learners who struggle with the challenges of ADHD including, inter alia, maintaining focus and curbing impulsivity, attention and task completion issues as well as being able to capitalise on the strengths of learners with ADHD.  The need for collaborative practice with parents and other professionals in addressing issues of academic, social and executive functioning for these learners will also be explored.      

 

Keynote - Christel Middeldorp: ADHD across the lifespan: genetics, transgenerational transmission and the implications for clinical practice

It is well known that ADHD can run in the family. In this presentation, the role of genetic factors in the familial resemblance as well as in the continuity in symptoms from childhood to adulthood will be discussed. The presentation will end with the findings from a clinical study focusing on families with both the child and the parent affected with mental disorders, including ADHD, showing the clinical implications.


 

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