AST2020

Keynote Speakers

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Eddie Clutton
The Roslin Institute
Eddie graduated (BVSc [hons]) from the University of Liverpool 1981, and then stayed three years in the Department of Anaesthesia, The Royal Liverpool Hospital, with Ron Jones, during which time he was awarded the Cert VA (RCVS) in 1983 and the DVA in 1988.
This was followed by a post in the University of Virginia, Maryland, USA for 5 years as assistant professor in Veterinary Anesthesiology. Eddie has been head of anaesthesia in R(D)SVS (Edinburgh) since 1990 and became a Diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Anaesthesia in 1996.
He was European Editor of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia (1999-2005), and is a member of the Royal College of Anaesthetists, the Animal Welfare Science, Ethics and Law Veterinary Association, BEVA and the Veterinary History Society.
Eddie was also President (2003-2006) and is currently senior-Vice President of the Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists. Eddie received a personal Chair in 2007.
Websites:
Eddie Clutton
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Steven Tsui
Royal Papworth Hospital
Mr Tsui graduated from the University of Cambridge and underwent cardiothoracic surgical training in Cambridge, Oxford and Duke University Medical School, USA.

He was appointed Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon at Papworth Hospital in 1998 where he is the Director of Transplantation & Mechanical Circulatory Support.

His clinical interests focus on surgical device therapies for end-stage heart and lung failure including extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), ventricular assist device (VAD), and total artificial heart (TAH). Other aspects of his clinical practice include pulmonary endarterectomy (PTE) for chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension and trans-catheter aortic valve interventions (TAVI). His research interests include donor optimisation and ex-vivo donor organ perfusion.

He is Chairman of the Cardiothoracic Advisory Group at NHS Blood & Transplant (NHSBT), UK and Chairman of the Specialty Training Committee for Cardiothoracic Surgery in Health Education East of England.
Websites:
Steve Tsui
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Paul Flecknell
Comparative Biology Centre, University of Newcastle
Paul Flecknell, Professor of Laboratory Animal Science & Director of Comparative Biology Centre at Newcastle University, is widely recognised as the leading authority in the field of veterinary anaesthesia and pain recognition, particularly in relation to research animal welfare. His work has helped scientists around the world understand and recognize the pain and distress which may be caused to animals by their research procedures, and how this can be very effectively managed without reducing the value of their science.

He was a pioneer in the field; in 1981, Professor Flecknell’s Churchill Fellowship alerted him to the poor standards of anaesthesia and analgesia (pain relief) then being practised around the world and as Director of Comparative Biology at Newcastle University he set about addressing the problem.

Professor Flecknell has published an impressive list of over 180 books, chapters, and peer reviewed papers, all with a strong record of citations which reflects their impact on the scientific community. His publications and stimulating presentations have influenced attitudes internationally, teaching research scientists, veterinarians and technicians in many countries.

Prof Flecknell has also played a hugely influential role on many committees, societies, funding bodies and journals concerned with veterinary and laboratory animal welfare science and practice, including holding presidencies of the British Laboratory Animal Veterinary Association and the Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists, and being Vice Chair and Acting Chair of NC3Rs.

Furthermore, he has been a trail-blazer in the development of innovative web-based training resources that have been viewed by many people around the world. His book Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia is a standard text in the field, as is his edited volume Pain Management in Animals in which he contributed to nearly half of the chapters
Websites:
Paul Flecknell
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Penny Hawkins
RSPCA Research Animals Department
Penny Hawkins graduated in biological sciences at the University of Portsmouth in 1992 and completed her PhD in avian physiology at the University of Birmingham in 1996. She joined the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Research Animals Department in 1996, and has been Head of Department since 2015.

The Research Animals Department works to implement the 3Rs and to ensure robust ethical review of animal use in research and testing. The Department’s key initiatives include: helping ethics committees to function effectively; improving lab animal welfare and reducing suffering; working with the scientific community to end ‘severe’ suffering; and providing education and training for all those involved in animal use, in the UK and worldwide. Penny’s main area of work relates to supporting and promoting ethics committees, including the UK Animal Welfare and Ethical Review Body (AWERB)
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Thomas Steckler
Janssen Pharmaceutica NV
Thomas Steckler, M.D., is Associate Director, Bioresearch and Quality and Compliance, Quality Planning & Strategy, Animal Welfare Strategy Lead, at Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Johnson & Johnson, based in Beerse, Belgium. Dr. Steckler earned his medical degree from the Free University of Berlin, Germany and received a doctorate degree in medicine at the Free University of Berlin in collaboration with the Department of Neuropsychopharmacology, Schering AG. He worked as a postdoc at the MRC Neurochemical Pathology Unit, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, then as a group leader at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich, Germany. He has been at Janssen Pharmaceutica in Belgium for almost 20 years. There he has served in different functions, initially in the area of neuroscience drug discovery, then in the quality organization. Dr. Steckler is the EFPIA (European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations) lead of the EQIPD (European Quality In Preclinical Data) project consortium, which is supported by the Innovative Medicines Initiative.
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Javier Guillen
AAALAC International
Veterinarian, Director for Europe & Latin America for AAALAC International the past 10 years. Previously managed the animal program at Univ. of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain.

Member of: the ICLAS Governing Board; EARA Board; Laboratory Animals Ltd Executive Committee. Former President of FELASA and SECAL (Spanish Association).

Recently published the 2nd edition of the book “Laboratory Animals: Regulations and Recommendations for the Care and Use of Animals in Research
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Mark Gardiner
MRC Harwell Institute, Mary Lyon Centre
Mark has been a member of the Institute for Animal Technology for 32 years. Over this time, he has worked within contract and academia establishments and is currently employed at the Mary Lyon Centre (MLC) as Head of Operations.

A key part of his role is the operational management and leadership of technical teams running an animal facility housing up to 55,000 genetically altered mice. The role is responsible for ensuring good practice and welfare is implemented and all environmental and experimental variables are monitored and controlled at all times.

In 2011 Mark was awarded the AAALAC Fellowship award, in 2013 the MRC CEO Award for Equality and in 2018 was elected an honorary member of the Institute of Animal Technology.

He is also currently studying with the Open University towards a Leadership and Management degree.
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Gerry Creighton
Dublin Zoo
Gerry Creighton has worked in Dublin Zoo since 1983, starting as a trainee keeper, before becoming a full time zoo keeper in 1986. He subsequently worked as Team Leader responsible for large apes, carnivores and elephants for nearly ten years before becoming Zoo Operations Manager for animals and grounds in 2009. Gerry also holds an advisory role acting as elephant consultant for many international zoos. Gerry’s career has spanned several decades of exciting development, during which time Dublin Zoo has transformed from its Victorian beginnings in 1831 into a modern, vital and progressive European centre for conservation, education and animal husbandry. Gerry has spent over 30 years working with elephants, initially under free contact management before moving progressively to protective contact in 2006
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Robin Labesse
University of Surrey
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Kris McGuire
University of Edinburgh
Kris graduated from the University of Stirling with a BSc (Hons) in Animal Biology before undertaking her doctoral studies in the Drug Discovery group at the University of Edinburgh. Her PhD research involved investigation of the kynurenine pathway in systemic inflammation and the development of drug screening techniques for targeting kynurenine-3-monooxygenase (KMO) in a drug discovery platform.
Upon completion of her PhD, Kris further pursued her interest in translational medicine with postdoctoral research within the Chemical and Translational Biology group at the University of Edinburgh and the GLAZgo Discovery Centre at the University of Glasgow. In 2018, Kris returned to the University of Edinburgh to investigate the impact of KMO and the kynurenine pathway in the injurious legacy of acute pancreatitis within the Centre for Inflammation Research. In addition to her interests in systemic inflammation and the kynurenine pathway, Kris contributes to research on the resolution of inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease.
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Steven Pollard
MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh

Steve carried out his PhD at the MRC National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) in the division of developmental biology (Lab of Dr Derek Stemple). He worked as a postdoctoral scientist with Prof Austin Smith FRS at the Universities of Edinburgh and latterly Cambridge. He established his own independent laboratory in 2010 at the new UCL Cancer Institute, and then relocated to the MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine and Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre (University of Edinburgh) in 2013. He was promoted to Chair of Stem Cell and Cancer Biology in 2017.

Steve is a holder of the prestigious Cancer Research UK Senior Fellowship. His laboratory continues to study the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate neural stem self-renewal and differentiation, and how these operate in the context of human brain tumours. Steve is also a member of the UK Centre for Mammalian Synthetic Biology and his group is exploiting synthetic transcription factors and chromatin editors (TAL effector and CRISPR/Cas-based) for programming and reprogramming mammalian cell fate. He has interests in cell based phenotypic screening for drug discovery; this is an area where the new technologies emerging from stem cell biology, genome editing and and mammalian synthetic biology are opening up tremendous new opportunities for discovery.


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Ross Houston
The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh

Professor Houston leads a research programme on aquaculture genetics at The Roslin Institute, with a focus on innovation in selective breeding and genetic improvement. His primary research interests include (i) development and application of genomic tools for aquaculture species, including sequencing and functional annotation of genomes; (ii) genomic selection for commercially relevant traits in breeding programmes, with a focus on disease resistance; and (iii) discovering and testing of genomic variants causing disease resistance using CRISPR/Cas9 editing in vitro and in vivo.

Professor Houston’s research spans many aquaculture species, including Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, coho salmon, European sea bass, gilthead sea bream, whiteleg shrimp, common carp, Nile tilapia, Pacific oyster, and others. He has been amongst the first to develop key underpinning genomic tools for major aquaculture species, including SNP arrays and genotyping by sequencing. He has helped develop genomic selection for several fish and shellfish species, including studying genotype imputation approaches improve cost-efficiency. His discovery of a major quantitative trait locus explaining almost all the genetic variation in resistance to Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis in salmon has been widely applied in the salmon breeding industry to control this disease. He has a leading role in the functional annotation of salmonid genomes (the FAASG initiative), and has a leading role in several major UK and European projects to apply genomic tools to improve disease resistance in aquaculture.

Professor Houston has ongoing research projects to develop CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing approaches to study and improve disease resistance in various aquaculture species. He has helped develop a new research aquarium at Easter Bush, the ‘Aquaculture Genetics Research Facility’, which is a hatchery and disease challenge aquarium for freshwater fish. This will improve capacity to study specific functional genes and mutations are causing resistance to disease In juvenile salmonid fish, and potentially other species.
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Mark Prescott
NC3R's
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Sara Wells
MRC Harwell
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Liane Hobson
MRC Harwell
I started off my career studying bats with Professor John Altringham at University of Leeds, using vocalisations to record activity. I then did my PhD at the University of Liverpool with Professors Paula Stockley and Jane Hurst, where I worked with bank voles. I studied reproductive competition and dispersal. I moved to MRC Harwell in 2017, as part of the phenotyping team, and gained my NC3Rs Training Fellowship to work to develop AVERT in March 2019.
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Lawrence Moon
Kings College London
Lawrence Moon graduated from University of Oxford in 1997 with the top First BA (Joint Hons.) in Physiology, Psychology and Philosophy. He obtained a PhD from the University of Cambridge in 2001, investigating methods for promoting regeneration of injured axons in the adult rat nigrostriatal system. Some of the work from his PhD was published in Nature Neuroscience: this identified chondroitinase ABC as a method for promoting re-growth of injured nerve fibers. Subsequent collaboration with Dr Liz Bradbury and Prof. Steve McMahon at King’s College London led to a publication in Nature: their work showed that chondroitinase ABC improves sensory and motor function after spinal cord injury in rats.

In 2001 he moved to the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis at the University of Miami, FL, USA, where he worked in the lab of Prof. Mary Bartlett Bunge. He was also an Associate member of the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation’s International Research Consortium. Collaborative work led to publications in Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

In 2005, Dr Moon was awarded a Research Councils UK Academic Fellowship at King’s College London. This work was also funded by the British Pharmacological Society’s Integrative Pharmacology Fund.
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Steve Kennerley
University College London
Steve Kennerley received a BA in Biology from UC Berkeley, and a DPhil from Oxford University in Experimental Psychology. He is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Neurology at University College London. His research explores the neuronal mechanisms and computations supporting learning, decision-making, memory and other cognitive processes. His lab uses a variety of techniques, from electrophysiology in animal models to functional brain imaging in humans, to link the different levels of data (neurons, LFPs, BOLD, etc.) across species performing similar tasks. He is funded by the Wellcome Trust, and the NC3Rs.
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Jim Reynolds
University of Birmingham

Dr Reynolds gained a BSc in Biology from the University of Southampton, UK, followed by a MSc in Forestry from the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and a DPhil in Avian Physiology from the University of Oxford, UK where he worked in the Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology. In the early 2000s he undertook a Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Memphis, Tennessee, USA where he worked on the breeding biology of perhaps the best known cooperatively breeding bird species in the world, the Florida Scrub-Jay, in south-central Florida at Archbold Biological Station. This species’ ‘Vulnerable’ conservation status ignited his enduring interest in how the study of biological process can powerfully inform conservation action.   

Dr Reynolds is now in the Centre for Ornithology in the School of Biosciences at the University of Birmingham, UK. He studies free-living birds as bioindicators to investigate avian individuals and populations in both terrestrial and marine habitats. Study areas include remote oceanic islands, landfill, urban centres and deciduous woodlands where his work has contributed greatly to our understanding of how anthropogenic inputs influence the biology of individual birds and their populations as well as ecosystem function.

For the last 11 years Dr Reynolds has been working with the Army Ornithological Society (AOS) on seabird populations on Ascension Island, a UK Overseas Territory in the tropical South Atlantic. The particular focus of this work has been the decline of the Atlantic Ocean’s largest breeding population of Sooty Terns. He will be sharing the story of working remotely on such a large colony of seabirds, using a combination of traditional fieldwork approaches and modern analytical techniques, to discover how the population functions and how birds have been severely impacted by multiple anthropogenic threats

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Anne-Marie Farmer
I studied Veterinary Science at the University of Brisbane, Queensland. I graduated with two degrees, the first was a Bachelor of Veterinary Science and the second a Bachelor of Veterinary Biology (microbiology). Immediately after graduation I left Australia with my husband Harley to take up a Churchill College Studentship. This scholarship funded my 3 year PhD at the University of Cambridge on Corneal Pannus in the Dog. On completing my PhD I joined Intervet UK Ltd as head of their Avian Research Department developing vaccines and running field trials. Later I moved to join Intervet’s Veterinary Advisory team covering queries and field trials for their pig and poultry products.
After about 11 happy years we parted company and I joined the British Pig Association as their General Manager and later Chief Executive Designate. Although in this role I was able to facilitate pig research projects I decided after 3 years I missed the research world too much. When the Home Office advertised for inspectors I applied. I worked as an inspector for just over 17 years starting in the London office before moving to the Cambridge office.
My plan was to retire after I left the Home Office however a major review of research governance at the University of Cambridge led the formation of a new department and created a job opportunity I could not resist. I joined the University in late 2015 and have not looked back. As the University Biomedical Services Director for Governance and Welfare I am supported by a wonderful team, stretched by the research and there is never a dull moment.
In 2016, I was honoured to be approached to take on the role of President of the Laboratory Animal Science Association and took over from David Anderson in November 2017
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Ngaire Dennison
University of Dundee
Ngaire Dennison is a laboratory animal veterinary surgeon. She worked as a vet in general practice before becoming a Named Veterinary Surgeon (NVS) working with farm and rodent species and rabbits for 6 ½ years. Ngaire then worked as an Animals (Scientific Procedures) Inspector for more than 12 years, developing special interests in the areas of aquatics, welfare and severity assessment and regulatory testing. In 2015 she returned from the “dark side” to a combined role as an NVS/ Named Training and Competency Officer and Named Information Officer at the University of Dundee. Ngaire is currently LAVA President.
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Ken Applebee
As from 1st March 2020, Ken will be the CEO of Applebee Advisory, which specialises in vivo management solutions.

Previously Ken had a long and successful career in managing research animal facilities, ending in 2020 after ten years as Director of Biological Services at King’s College London.

Until May 2019 Ken served as Chair and CEO of the Institute of Animal Technology (IAT) and for six years until May 2019, was an expert member of the UK Government’s Animals in Science Committee (ASC), a statutory body to provide independent, expert advice to the UK Government Minister of State for the Home Office.
Ken’s other professional activities include, Chair of the Board of Trustees College of Laboratory Animal Science and Technology (CLAST) and is a founding Trustee of Animals in Science Education Trust (AS-ET).

Along with management of research animal facilities, another of Ken’s ongoing major interest is the provision and development of education and training for laboratory animal care staff, for which in 2014 he was awarded the public honour of Officer of the British Empire, “for services to Animal Technician Education and Animal Technology”.
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Robin Lovell-Badge
Francis Crick Institute
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Bella Williams
Understanding Animal Research
As a former pharmacologist, Bella’s interest in the societal impact of science eventually led to a career as a writer, consultant and evaluator, supporting and delivering positive social change around scientific issues. Bella is Head of Engagement at UAR, and is responsible for initiatives around member engagement and public engagement: both helping UAR member and stakeholders with outreach and reactive initiatives on the use of animals in research, and engaging directly with the public on this issue. She leads on Openness at UAR, working with signatory institutions of the Concordat on Openness on Animal Research to help them build openness into communications strategies.
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John Meredith
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Carole Wilson
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Gabrielle Sturges
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Malcolm MacLeod
University of Edinburgh
Malcolm Macleod is Professor of Neurology and Translational Neurosciences at the University of Edinburgh, member of the UK Commission for Human Medicines and the UK Reproducibility Network, and he leads the European Quality in Preclinical Data IMI project. He leads the SE Scotland Stroke Research Network, was co-CI of the EuroHYP trial of brain cooling for acute stroke and is UK coordinator for the PRECIOUS trial of preventing complications following stroke. Since founding the Collaborative Approach to Meta-analysis and Review of Animal Data form Experimental Studies (CAMARADES) in 2004 his research has largely focussed on how best to increase the value of biomedical research. This has included work with funders, journals (including randomised studies of different approaches to improve quality, and the proposed MDAR Minimum Standards Framework) and most recently with institutions (recently appointed Academic Lead for Research Improvement and Research Integrity at the University of Edinburgh). He led the development and implementation of the SyRF platform (app.syrf.org.uk) which supports systematic reviews of in vivo research. Since 2007 he has been clinical lead for Neurology at NHS Forth Valley. Publications via ORCID id at https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9187-9839; talks at https://osf.io/de6qh/.
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Joseph Garner
Stanford University
The overarching theme of Joe’s research is understanding why most drugs (and other basic science findings) fail to translate into human outcomes; the role that animal models, animal methodology, and animal welfare play in in these failures; and developing new approaches to animal research which improve the translation and benefits of animal work through improvements in the welfare of animal participants. Joe is an Associate Professor in the Department of Comparative Medicine, a Courtesy Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and a member of the Child Health Research Institute at Stanford University. Joe oversees a variety of 3Rs support services for researchers at Stanford, including colony management, biostatistics, and behavioral management. Joe is an internationally recognized expert in the behavior and welfare of laboratory mice, including awards from the National Center for the 3Rs (UK), the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, the Swiss Laboratory Animal Science Association, and the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. Joe also works extensively in human health, both as a researcher and an advocate. Joe’s current human health research is focused on animal and human studies in autism, trichotillomania, and compulsive skin-picking. The question driving all of this work is “Why does one sibling become ill and another does not?”, and the goal is to identify biomarkers leading to screening, prevention and personalized treatment options. Recognition of Joe’s work in human health includes being selected for Spectrum’s Ten Notable Papers in Autism Research for both 2017 and 2018. His publication record includes over 100 peer-reviewed journal articles, including papers in Science, PNAS, and Nature Methods. Joe’s advocacy work includes service on scientific advisory boards for the Trichotillomania Learning Center, the Tourette Association of America, and the Beautiful You MRKH Foundation
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Kathy Ryder
Dr Kathy Ryder trained and worked in London as a doctor with a special interest in cardiology, particularly abnormal heart rhythms and sudden death.
As a PILH, she used animals in research in Oxford for 10 years, and contributed to the authoring, managing of and reporting on the project licences.
She then moved to the Home Office to work as an Inspector, briefly in London and later in Scotland and the north of England. She has been an inspector for 21 years.
She has experience of inspecting establishments with wide ranges of species, and experimental types across all of the sectors.
She has particular interests in Education and Training and building capability. She has worked with UK and EU working groups to develop Guidance documents including those for Severity Assessment and for Named Persons. She has also been involved in Ecotoxicology, Fish, and Non-Human Primate projects.
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David Anderson
David is a veterinary surgeon with over thirty years’ experience in practice, academia and government service. He worked initially in a University teaching environment before he joined the UK Home Office Animals (Scientific Procedures) Inspectorate.
Since 2011, as a veterinary advisor for PMS, he has provided technical support to the European Commission during the transposition of the new European Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes.
He is a Vice-President of IAT, immediate Past President of LASA and a current member of LAVA Council.
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Elliot Lilley
RSPCA
Elliot is a Senior Scientific Officer within the RSPCA Research Animals Department, which works to achieve more effective ethical review of animal use and implementation of the Three Rs. He received his PhD in Pharmacology from King’s College London in 1997 and then began a 15 year career in the pharmaceutical industry; initially at the James Black Foundation and latterly at Novartis. He is an experienced lecturer in animal welfare, receptor theory, drug discovery and GI pharmacology and contributes to teaching as part of the BPS general and advanced receptor theory diploma module. In 2012, he joined the RSPCA research animals department where his main areas of work relate to promoting refinement, including reducing severe suffering, experimental design, and translational validity. Elliot has been a member of the British Pharmacological Society since 1998, a former member of the meetings committee and a current member of the animal welfare and in vivo pharmacology committee. He is animal ethics editor of the British Journal of Pharmacology.
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Anna Williams
University of Edinburgh
Anna runs a research group in the Centre of Regenerative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh, and is a consultant neurologist, with a busy multiple sclerosis clinic in the Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic. Her research group is interested primarily in how the myelin of the central nervous system is maintained and repaired in diseases such as multiple sclerosis and small vessel disease, with the ultimate aim of trying to improve this and therefore improve patient therapies
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Stuart Forbes
University of Edinburgh
Stuart Forbes is Professor of Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine, at the University of Edinburgh. His research focuses on how the chronically damaged liver regenerates and how these mechanisms become deranged in liver and bile duct cancer.

He is Director of the MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine at Edinburgh University, which houses 230+ scientists and clinicians. Stuart is a consultant Hepatologist at the Scottish Liver Transplant Unit and has clinical interests in liver failure, cancer and liver transplantation
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Michael Wilkinson
University of Strathclyde
Dr Michael Wilkinson is a veterinary graduate from the Autonomous University of Bellaterra (Barcelona). He also holds a PhD from the University of Glasgow after completing a program of research at the Department of Veterinary Medicine at the Glasgow Vet School. After a short spell in general practice, he returned to the University of Glasgow to work as deputy Named Veterinary Surgeon (NVS) in the Department of Biological Services and as NVS for the University of Strathclyde. In 1994 he gained the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons’ Certificate in Laboratory Animal Science (CertLAS) and in 2006 he gained Diplomate status of the European College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (DiplECLAM), considered to be the highest veterinary qualification in Europe in the specialty. Since 2010 he fulfils a Named Veterinary Surgeon’s role for the University of Glasgow and still continues being NVS for the University of Strathclyde.

Michael regularly lectures at training courses for scientists and animal care staff and has published in various peer-reviewed journals on topics ranging from housing of Monodelphis domestica to refinements in rodent models of arthritis. He has worked with many different species in the biomedical research context and has a special interest in animal welfare and refinements to experimental protocols. He is also very interested in supporting veterinary colleagues in their efforts to specialize in the field and was a co-founder of the ESLAV/ECLAM Summer School initiative. He heads the Mock Exam Committee of ECLAM, is a member of the Council of Management of Laboratory Animals Ltd (publishers of the Journal Laboratory Animals), and a member of a LAVA, LASA, ESLAV and ECLAM.
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Linda Horan
University of Strathclyde
Linda Horan Started her career at the University of Liverpool as a junior technician, after completing all the IAT Animal Technology exams she achieved a BSc(Hons) in applied Biomedical sciences. Now working at The University of Strathclyde as Manager of the Biological Procedure Unit within excess of thirty-five years’ experience in biomedical research and teaching.
I am the current Chair and CEO of the Institute of Animal Technology a congress committee member and an NC3Rs board member and impact panel member.
I am passionate about trying to improve the lives of the animals we care for.
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Norman Flynn
Home Office
Norman qualified as a vet from Glasgow University before completing a PhD in immunology at Edinburgh University. He worked as a research immunologist in Kenya, Scotland, Italy and Switzerland and before joining the Home Office in 2004.
Norman has been an Inspector in the Home Office for over 16 years and has undertaken several different roles in ASRU.
His work-related interests are in immunology, vaccine development, infectious disease and cancer.
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Chris Proudfoot
Roslin Institute
Chris Proudfoot is a research fellow at The Roslin Institute of the University of Edinburgh. He started his academic career with a BSc in Biochemistry-Microbiology from the University of Aberdeen, before completing a PhD in Molecular Parasitology at the University of Glasgow studying DNA repair and recombination in trypanosomes. His first postdoctoral position involved a move from parasitology to molecular genetics where he was involved in the generation of site specific recombinases for genome engineering applications. He then moved from Glasgow to Edinburgh to join the group of Bruce Whitelaw in 2011 where initial work was aimed at the generation of trypanosome resistant boran cattle using cloning technologies. In recent years, the focus of his work has centred on the generation of genome-modified livestock, particularly utilizing genome editors, with an aim to improve disease resistance or generate models of human diseases. Chris has experience of producing genome edited animals through the direct injection of ZFNs, TALENs and CRISPR/Cas9 into zygotes and was a member of the team that produced the first edited livestock using this method.
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Tom Wishart
Roslin Institute
Tom gained his PhD in Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience 2006 and has since contributed to >50 manuscripts. His research focused on developing methods to identify factors regulating the stability of the nervous system in health and disease. This is primarily through a combination of anatomically dictated molecular analysis of differentially vulnerable neuronal populations. In 2011 he took up a junior group leader position at the Roslin Institute which pushed his research towards comparisons across a diverse array of model systems and developing the capability to move between pathological assessment and molecular analysis of mammalian (including but not limited to murine, ovine & equine) neuronal systems through to in silico identification of potential regulatory cascades and lower order model based in vivo assessment of candidate ability to modulate neuronal morphology and/or stability. His groups multi species comparative approaches have been published as recommended workflows for novel therapeutic target identification. He was promoted to Reader in Molecular Anatomy in 2017, is a member of the Euan MacDonald Centre for MND research, and is the co-head of Translational Biomarker discovery for the Centre of Dementia Prevention.
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Paul Rowley
The Centre for Snakebite Research & Intervention, London
Paul has had a life-long interest in exotic animals particularly venomous snakes. He is the third generation of his family to have worked at Chester Zoo (1979 – 1992) progressing to level of senior reptile keeper. Paul joined the Centre for Snakebite Research & Intervention in 1993 and took over the day-to-day management of the Herpetarium. For some years now, Paul has held a unique position of being the only person in Britain routinely extracting venom from snakes, a skill that has seen him travel to remote areas of Africa and India to help with various research projects. Internationally recognized within the reptile and venomous (research) communities for his skill in the handling and husbandry of venomous snakes, he is also in demand as a public speaker for reptile societies and helps to provide training for researchers and field scientists
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Huw Golledge
UFAW
Prior to joining UFAW Huw was a researcher at the University of Newcastle with research interests in analgesia, anaesthesia and euthanasia techniques for laboratory rodents.
He was a member of the Animals in Science Committee from 2013-2016 and serves as editor-in-chief for the journal Animal Welfare
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Sarah Hart-Johnson
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Jan-Bas Prins
Francis Crick Institute
Jan-Bas Prins is the Director of the Biological Research Facility and deputy Establishment Licence Holder at The Francis Crick Institute since October 2018. He did his PhD in Laboratory Animal Science with Professor Van Zutphen at the University of Utrecht. After post-doctoral projects at the University of Oxford, UK, and the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, he became the head of the pre-clinical division of the Department of Pulmonary Medicine at the Erasmus Medical Centre. In 2002, he moved on taking the position of Director of the Central Animal Facility of the Leiden University Medical Centre in the Netherlands.

He is Professor of Laboratory Animal Science and a member of the Netherlands National Committee for the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. Jan-Bas Prins is Chairman of Laboratory Animals Ltd, Vice-chairman of the Scientific Committee of the Fondazione Guido Bernardini on Education and Training in Laboratory Animal Science, Vice-President of the Institute of Animal Technology, Animal Welfare Officer and scientific advisor on animal welfare of Infrafrontier (IF2020), a past-President of FELASA, member of the External council for Comparative Medicine at the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden and an AAALAC ad hoc specialist.
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Ana de Santos
Having a Neurobiology and teaching background started being involved in the organization of structured training programmes for persons involved in animal studies in Lisbon in 1994.
Since 2004 has been organizer of several Laboratory Animal Science training courses in Portugal.
President of the Portuguese Laboratory Animal Sciences Association - SPCAL between 2010 and 2013. Chair of 2 LAS Scientific Congresses in Portugal (2009 and 2012).
Member of several Scientific and Organizing Committees of FELASA Congresses.
Served on the FELASA Accreditation Board for Education and Training from 2009 to 2018,
Has been Honorary Secretary of FELASA from 2011 to 2016 and is now the FELASA President.
Has been part of the core group that wrote the original Transparency declaration in Portugal.
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Nikki Osbourne
Responsible Research in Practice Ltd
Nikki completed her PhD in developmental neurobiology at Kings College London before working at University College London as a postdoctoral researcher and personal licence holder. In 2004 she joined the Research Animal Department of the RSPCA where she was the Biotechnology specialist for 10 years developing and sharing best practice with respect to implementation of the 3Rs, research conduct and reporting. At the end of 2015 Nikki founded Responsible Research in Practice Ltd to provide high quality consultancy and training services to support individuals and organisations to deliver robust, reproducible and responsible bioscience research. In addition to her role as Company Director Nikki is an active AWERB and 3Rs committee member, an associate member of COPE – the Committee on Publication Ethics, an advisor to the UK Research Integrity Office (UKRIO), and a UK ambassador for SYRCLE (SYstematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation in The Netherlands).
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Susanna Louhimes
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Will Reynolds
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Kate Chandler
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Jennifer Lofgren
Novartis
Before joining Novartis, Dr. Lofgren co-founded the Refinement & Enrichment Advancements Laboratory (REAL) at the U-M in 2014. REAL seeks to understand the relationship between the animal’s lived experience and scientific results.
Dr. Lofgren's professional interests include minimizing pain and distress in laboratory animals as a clinical veterinarian, educator, and research scientist. She also enjoys engaging in teaching, training and mentoring, and conducting and collaborating on research animal welfare. Dr. Lofgren completed a dual degree Masters in Comparative Biomedical Sciences and a Doctorate of Veterinary Medicine from Tufts University
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Emily Sena
Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh
Emily is a Stroke Association Kirby Laing Foundation Senior Lecturer specialised in the validity of preclinical research. Her interests are in the use of meta-research approaches (research on research) to drive improvements in the validity, transparency and reproducibility of primary research using models of human diseases. Her research has informed laboratory practice guidelines, editorial policy and clinical trials design.
She is a member of her university Animal Welfare Ethical Review Board, convenor of CAMARADES (www.camarades.info), and the inaugural Editor-in-Chief of BMJ Open Science.
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Sal Jones
Sal is a third year PhD Oncology student in the Grabowska lab at the University Of Nottingham.
Sal comes from a biochemistry background, having previously completed projects in labs researching DNA damage repair and Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor signalling. Her PhD focuses on investigating the application of a customisable synthetic three-dimensional gel model of cancer to replace mice for expansion of patient-derived tumour cells.
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Lesley Penny
University of Edinburgh
Lesley is the Director of Bioresearch and Veterinary Services at the University of Edinburgh overseeing a wide range of species, research and facilities. She was previously Named Veterinary Surgeon at the Roslin Institute for 15 years having done a joint PhD at between Roslin and Edinburgh University in cattle reproduction. At Edinburgh she has been closely involved in efforts to improve communications not only within the university but also externally in line with the Concordat on Openness. These have included the development of a public facing website as well as introducing lectures for medical and veterinary students on animal research as part of their undergraduate course.
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Jordi Lopez-Tremoleda
QMUL London
Jordi is a PhD veterinarian with a wealth of knowledge from both medical and professional settings. Jordi’s most recent professional experience is a Senior Lecturer in Trauma, Animal Science & Welfare and also as the Named Veterinary Surgeon and Welfare Officer at QMUL in London, where he manages the study design, execution, analysis and reporting of complex polytrauma haemorrhagic and CNS injury models along with all the NVS duties on animal welfare, health & ethics. Prior to this, he coordinated the preclinical research at the Biological Imaging Centre at Imperial College London for various years, following on a research fellowship on stem cells based technology in collaboration with Geron Corp. US at the MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine at Edinburgh University.
He holds a PhD in Reproductive Biology from Utrecht University, an MSc in Bioethics & Law from the University of Barcelona, MSc in Education for QMUL and a degree in Veterinary Medicine from the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
He is an active member of LAVA, LASA, and also AWERB at QMUL and previously at ICL. He is also currently enrolled for the ECLAM alternative residency.
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Polly Taylor
EBVS
Polly graduated in Veterinary Medicine from Cambridge University in 1976 and worked in general practice before moving to the Cambridge University Veterinary School where she obtained the RCVS Diploma in Veterinary Anaesthesia. She became chief of anaesthesia at the Animal Health Trust in 1983 and gained her PhD (Cambridge University) in 1987 for her thesis in equine anaesthesia. In 1994 she became University Lecturer and subsequently Reader at the Cambridge University Veterinary School where she was responsible for the clinical anaesthetic service, teaching undergraduates and post graduates and for research in anaesthesia. She became a Diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Anaesthesia in 1995 and was founding President of the College. She has been awarded the UK Equestrian Outstanding Scientific Achievement Award, the BSAVA Simon Award, the ECVAA Morpheus award, the WEVA Equine Applied Research Award for equine pain management and is an honorary member of BEVA. She now works as an independent consultant in anaesthesia, with work ranging from clinical anaesthesia and teaching to drug registration, as well as research, particularly in analgesia. She has published numerous papers on anaesthesia and analgesia in many species, particularly horses and cats. Since its inception in 2008 she has been a director of Topcat Metrology Ltd, developing and supplying bespoke nociceptive threshold testing systems for a wide range of animal species.
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Josie Fullerton
University of Glasgow
In 2019, Josie joined Dr Lorraine Work’s team as a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Glasgow. She’s currently investigating novel methods of assessing and treating stroke, small vessel disease and vascular cognitive impairment, using a number of preclinical and clinical approaches. Specifically, Josie uses the spontaneously hypertensive stroke prone (SHRSP) rat and intraluminal filament model of stroke. Prior to this project, Josie worked at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital investigating pathologies linked to traumatic brain injury, using post-mortem human material and histological techniques. For her PhD, Josie assessed the behavioural and neural mechanisms of nicotine addiction at the University of Strathclyde. Throughout her PhD, Josie utilised stereotactic surgery, intracranial self-administration and various behavioural techniques. Although primarily research-driven, Josie is keen to share and discuss her research with others, and regularly presents at outreach events.
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Kayley Scott
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Christine Dufes
Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
Dr Christine Dufès is a Reader (Associate Professor) in Nanomedicine and Director of the Postgraduate School at the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS). She teaches on the Master of Pharmacy and on various MSc postgraduate degrees.

Christine obtained a Doctorate in Pharmacy (with Distinction and congratulations of the Jury, 1997) and a PhD (with a European Label, Distinction and congratulations of the Jury, 2002) from the University of Poitiers (France). After four years as a post-doctoral researcher at the Cancer Research UK Beatson Laboratories in Glasgow, she was appointed as a Lecturer at SIPBS in 2006, obtained fellowship of the Higher Education Academy in 2007, became a Senior Lecturer in 2012 and a Reader in 2019.

Her research focuses on the development of targeted drug- and gene-based nanomedicines for cancer therapy and brain delivery. It resulted in 2 patents, 40+ publications in high-impact journals such as Biomaterials and Journal of Controlled Release, 4 book chapters and attracted 1800+ citations (h-index: 18 (Web of Science), 23 (Google scholar)). Christine has attracted over £2M in research funding. All her PhD students (from diverse backgrounds) submitted their theses within 3.5 years and are now further developing their careers in either Academia or Industry.
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Patricia Martin
Glasgow Caledonian University
Patricia is Reader in Cell Biology, School of Health and Life Sciences at GCU. Her research focussed on the role of connexins in health and disease states including chronic non-healing wounds, psoriasis and other hyperproliferative skin disorders. In 2017 she hosted the bi-annual International Gap Junction Conference in Glasgow attracting over 200 international. She has supervised over 10 PhD students in this area of research and published widely in the field (>60 publications). As part of the Bio-GCU-Research-Teaching Team Patricia is the Senior Postgraduate Research tutor and is module lead for a range of cell biology based modules on the GCU Biomedical Science undergraduate programme. Before joining GCU Patricia held postdoctoral fellows at the University of Wales (1994-2003), where she established her work on Connexins; University Wageningen, The Netherlands (1992-1993) and the University of Wurzburg, Germany (1991-1992). She has a PhD in Molecular Virology (Warwick) and BSc Hons in Biochemistry with Microbiology (St Andrews).
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Maarten Zwart
University of St.Andrews
After my undergraduate degree in bioengineering at the University of Wageningen, the Netherlands, I moved to the UK for my graduate studies at the University of Cambridge with Daniel St Johnston, Gurdon Institute. I started working on motor systems during my PhD in Matthias Landgraf’s lab in the department of Zoology, followed by postdocs with Albert Cardona and Misha Ahrens, both at the HHMI Janelia Research Campus, USA. I’m currently setting up my lab at the University of St Andrews, in beautiful Scotland. We explore the neuroscience of how animals move around to meet their needs, using a combination of multi-disciplinary approaches that include imaging, electrophysiology, and connectomics. We are also a maker lab, building custom microscopes and other setups to help us do the experiments we want to do
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James Thorburn
University of St.Andrews
Dr James Thorburn is a Post-Doctoral Researcher within the Coastal Resource Management Group at St. Andrews University. He started working on sharks, skates and rays (elasmobranchs) in Scottish waters 10 years ago during his MSc at Heriot Watt University in Edinburgh. Going on to complete his PhD at the University of Aberdeen, investigating the movement of two shark species using a combination of tagging and genetic tools, James' main research interests focus around using various tagging technologies to investigate the spatial ecology of these animals to better understand the movements of elasmobranchs in relation to their environment and how management measures, especially Marine Protected Areas, can be used towards their conservation. He is also interested in the improvement of animal welfare through the refinement of handling and tagging techniques.
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Ros Langston
University of Dundee Medical School
Rosamund Langston (Ros) has been a lecturer in Neuroscience and Principal Investigator of a Behavioural Neuroscience research group at the University of Dundee Medical School since February 2010.
Her undergraduate education was in Neuroscience at the University of Edinburgh from 1999-2002. This was followed by a program of doctoral research inspired by trying to create more relevant models of human memory in lab animals to optimise experimentation into therapies for diseases incorporating dementia, such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s Disease.

In 2007, she moved to Norway to work for the Norwegian Research Council and Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience to address neurobiological and philosophical questions about how the brain creates maps of the space around us and whether this is innate or requires experience. This interest in spatial memory and navigation is combined with a desire to know how our memories, both spatial and otherwise, are created early in life and why and how they decline as we age
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Stefan Przyborski
Durham University
Stefan Przyborski holds an academic position as Professor in Cell Technology at Durham University. He has over 25 years experience in cell biology with specific interests in cell culture technology, cell biology and stem cell research. In recent times he has developed a multi-disciplinary approach working with chemists and engineers to develop novel ways of solving biological problems. In regard to cell technology, he has led the research, development and commercialization of technology to enhance the environment in which cells are cultured, to improve their growth, differentiation and function. He is a recognized leader in the area of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture and the bioengineering of human tissues. He frequently contributes to inter/national meetings on this topic and has produced over 120 publications. His first degree in anatomy and cell biology still to this day underpins his strong belief in the fundamental principle of how the structure is related to function at the cell and tissue level. This is a critical aspect in cell culture where changes to cell shape radically impact cell behaviour, which plays a major role in 3D cell culture and tissue formation. Stefan sold his spinout venture to Reprocell and continues with the commercialization and translation of his technologies working closely with various industrial partners. He also plays a prominent role in leading training events in advanced cell culture technology in collaboration with Public Health England, EU networks, and industrial partners. He was also Chairs several prominent research grant awarding panels, he is the current President of the Anatomical Society, and works closely with the NC3Rs in the development of in vitro models as alternatives to using animals
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Helen Bailey
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Bentley Crudgington
Bentley obtained a BSc in Marine Biology at the University of Stirling, followed by an MSc in Cellular Pathology at University of Westminster before completing a PhD in Virology at Imperial College London, while working as a veterinary virologist for the Animal Plant Health Agency (APHA).

As a public engagement practitioner, Bentley has devised, implemented and delivered award winning projects across art, science and technology for Wellcome, Imperial College London, Science Museum and the British Council.
Bentley’s role is to develop, drive and facilitate innovative and exciting public engagement on the animal research nexus. They have particular interests in queer things, monstrous things, performative roles, and the human/non-human bond.
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Ryan Milne
Sea Mammal Research Unit
Ryan graduated from the University of Aberdeen in 2004 with an Honours degree in Zoology. He spent several years managing a public Aquarium before moving to the Sea Mammal Research Unit to take up post as a Research Technician running the Seal Pool Facility in 2009.

The Seal Pool at the Sea Mammal Research Unit is a globally unique resource allowing for the study of temporary captive Grey (Halichoerus grypus) and Harbour (Phoca vitulina) seals. Ryan has been instrumental in the design, management and data collection of captive studies researching behaviour, acoustics and physiology, collaborating with a range of international researchers to improve our knowledge and understanding of seal biology
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Emma Stringer
NC3Rs
Emma obtained her undergraduate degree in bioveterinary science from the University of Liverpool in 2004. She then went on to complete her PhD at the University of Leicester in 2008 where she investigated the pathways involved in gut development using genetically altered mouse models. Emma continued this work as a post-doctoral researcher before moving into the field of cardiovascular science as a Research Fellow where she led a programme of research using genetically altered mouse models to investigate the role of a number of candidate genes in the development of coronary artery disease. Emma joined the NC3Rs in 2016 as Regional Programme Manager (Midlands), working to encourage engagement with the 3Rs and sharing of best practice across the universities of Birmingham, Leicester and Nottingham.
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Alexandra Iordachescu
University of Birmingham
Alexandra is an NC3Rs Training Fellow at the University of Birmingham, in the School of Chemical Engineering. She is working on developing ‘humanised’ organotypic models resembling bone tissue as alternatives to animal models, for understanding the biochemical mechanisms in pathological states, as well as for advancing the areas of regenerative medicine and personalised tissue grafts for transplantation. Her research involves using novel biomaterials, as well as optical and spectroscopic technologies, for three-dimensional characterisation of tissues, from the nano to the macroscale.

Her 3Rs research started previously with her Doctoral research programme, joint between the Universities of Birmingham and Oxford, which she completed under the supervision of Prof. Liam Grover and Assoc. Prof. Philippa Hulley. Her work concerned developing mature bone-like tissues in the lab and culturing these for clinically-relevant durations (1-2 years). Following completion of her PhD, she joined the Healthcare Technologies Institute and School of Chemical Engineering at the University of Birmingham as a Research Fellow, working on advancing medical technologies using organotypic testing platforms.
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Stuart Fleming
University of Edinburgh
Stuart is a Deputy Manager with BVS at the University of Edinburgh. BVS facilitates and provides support and advice for research groups of a wide and varied nature across the University. I have almost thirty years experience as both an animal technician and research assistant for groups studying MS mouse models. This involved transgenic colony management and a range of behavioural experiments in both demylination and fatigue studies.

In my capacity as NACWO I regularly attend AWERB and interact with everyone from our new technicians starting out, senior management, research groups and the Named Persons. As a group the 3R's are embedded into our daily work and over the last year or so I have with others been involved in implementing non tail capture methods across BVS mouse facilities. This has been a rewarding experience, particularly with regard to changing opinions and seeing the benefits of working with animals that are more relaxed and easier to handle.
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Herwig Grimm
University of Vienna
Herwig Grimm studied philosophy at the Universities of Salzburg, Zurich and Munich, main emphasis on ethics and applied ethics. In 2004 he earned his Master’s degree in Salzburg with a thesis on “Moral Standing of Animals? – Approaching the subject with discourse ethics”. From 2004 to 2011 he was a scientific assistant at the interdisciplinary Institute for Technology, Theology and Natural sciences in Munich. In 2010 he took his doctoral degree at the Munich School of Philosophy. Thesis: Das moralphilosophische Experiment. John Deweys Theorie der Forschung als Modell für die anwendungs- und problemorientierte Tierethik (John Dewey’s theory of inquiry as a methodology in applied ethics). From 2011 he has been a professor and the head of the unit “Ethics and Human-Animal-Studies” at the Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, the Medical University of Vienna and the University of Vienna
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Charlotte Burn
Royal Veterinary College
Charlotte Burn is Associate Professor (Reader) in Animal Welfare and Behaviour Science at the Royal Veterinary College. Her background is in biology, from which she went on to specialise in animal behaviour via an MSc at University of Edinburgh, and in laboratory rodent welfare via a DPhil at University of Oxford.
The 3Rs - particularly refinement and reduction - remain a key theme for Charlotte's research, with a focus on animal-centred husbandry and reproducible experimental designs. Charlotte's research also includes applied epidemiological studies relevant to improving animal welfare, and more fundamental research into the emotional and perceptual capacities of different species, such as whether animals experience boredom-like states. Her research has covered species from laboratory mice to pet dogs to dairy cows and more.
At Royal Veterinary College, Charlotte leads a BSc degree in Animal Biology, Behaviour, Welfare and Ethics, and is chair of the Environmental Enrichment Working Group. She is also a trustee of the BVA's Animal Welfare Foundation, and is a Local Network Lead for the UK Reproducibility Network
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Karin Darpal
Pirbright Institute
Dr Karin Darpel is a veterinarian with longstanding experience in pathogenesis, immunology and virology of Culicoides-borne viruses focusing specifically on arboviruses of veterinary importance such as bluetongue virus. Her group at the Pirbright Institute is particularly interested in the mammalian immune response towards insect blood-feeding and/or insect saliva and how the skin-vector interface may influence the dissemination and pathogenesis of transmitted viruses. Ongoing collaborative research projects within her group are funded by BBSRC, DEFRA or EU Horizon 20:20.
As part of the research programme Dr. Darpel’s group also carries out in-vivo infection studies in cattle, sheep and goats. Dr Darpel is an experienced personal and project licence holder for over 15 years and also a member of the local ethical review board
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Gail Davies
University of Exeter
Gail is a Professor in Human Geography at the University of Exeter. Her work is located at the intersection of human geography, science and technology studies, and animal studies. Her work seeks to chart the changing geographies of laboratory animal research, support decision-making in complex science-policy contexts, and develop innovative public engagements with science. She has previously published on natural history film-making practices, public engagement around xenotransplantation, international collabortions using mutant mice to understand the human genome, and the use of both artistic and analytic-deliberative methods to engage different perspectives around complex issues in science.
Gail’s work on the animal research nexus involves understanding changing patient expectations and engagements with animal research. This builds on interests in how translational and personalised medicine are changing the nature of ethics and experiments. Gail Davies was appointed to the Animals in Science Committee in 2013-2019 and chaired the 2017 review of Harm–Benefit Analysis in UK animal research.
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Rich Gorman
University of Exeter
Rich is a human geographer based at the University of Exeter. Rich is particularly interested in how our social, cultural, and emotional relationships with animals intersect with ideas and practices of health, care, and medicine. Rich’s previous research has involved working with people affected by health conditions to understand the roles of animals within various caring and health-promoting practices, such as care-farming and animal-assisted-therapies.
As part of the Animal Research Nexus, Rich is exploring the changing ways in which patients encounter animal research, and the practical and ethical issues that emerge at this interface. Rich’s work aims to contribute to discussions about the role of Patient and Public Involvement in basic biomedical research, developing an understanding of the ways in which people affected by health conditions wish to engage with animal research.
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Sara Peres
University of Southampton
Sara is a postdoctoral researcher in Geography and Environment at the University of Southampton, where she is exploring the breeding, supply, and archiving of laboratory animals. Her broader research interests bring together STS and Human Geography perspectives to the study of biobanks in order to understand the relationship between the circulation and accumulation of biological materials and questions of governance, political economy, and temporality in science.
She has previously focused on how agricultural seeds are banked and circulated for conservation purposes for her PhD (UCL, 2017), the history of seed banks, and uncertainty in public health emergencies. Educated to postgraduate level in genetics, Sara has experience of basic and clinical research environments, has worked at a science museum, and remains keen on public engagement activities.
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Emma Roe
University of Southampton
Emma is Associate Professor in Human Geography at the University of Southampton and an Honorary Research Associate at the School of Veterinary Science, University of Bristol. Emma is a leading trans-disciplinary scholar that develops from her core concerns as a social and cultural geographer in more-than-human geographies. She is comfortable working with those outside her discipline (veterinary science, food science, health science, rural studies, anthropology, engineering, the arts, and economics).
She has 20 years of experience studying the bodies, practices and materialities that constitute the spaces of producing, retailing and eating food, and more recently in the spaces of animal research.
Her work has received research funding from the ESRC, AHRC, the European Commission, the British Academy, the Wellcome Trust, EPSRC and the British Veterinary Association.
She is co-author (with Henry Buller) of the book ‘Food and Animal Welfare’ forthcoming in 2018, published by Bloomsbury Academic Publishing.
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Tess Skidmore
University of Southampton
Tess is a PhD student in the Department of Geography and the Environment, University of Southampton. Tess completed her undergraduate education at Lancaster University, graduating with a Geography degree in 2016. Whilst there, she became interested in policy-making processes in controversial areas. Tess completed her Masters at the University of Bristol in 2016-17, before moving to Southampton to complete her PhD in ‘The Changing Policy and Practice of Laboratory Animal Rehoming’.

Working on Project 3 of the Wellcome Trust Animal Research Nexus Programme, she draws on findings from both in-depth interviews and a questionnaire to investigate the practice of rehoming laboratory animals. Questionnaire results demonstrate that very small numbers of animals are rehomed from facilities, and that the majority of those that are rehomed are typically companion animals such as dogs and cats. She finds that rehoming, when effectively planned and executed, contributes to fostering a culture of care within facilities, and positively affects staff morale as animals are permitted to leave the laboratory. On a social and cultural level, rehoming is revealed to modify relations between the scientific community and rehoming organisations, wildlife sanctuaries, and the public more generally, by creating novel, and often successful, relationships and partnerships.
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Reuben Message
University of Oxford
Reuben is a postdoctoral research assistant working on the Animal Research Nexus Programme sub-project entitled ‘Incorporating new species and sites’ with Dr Beth Greenhough at the School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford. With particular interests in things fishy, Reuben will be focusing on the introduction of zebrafish into laboratories and what their growing prominence in science means for practices of ethical review, the 3Rs, animal care and public engagements with animal research.
Reuben completed a PhD in Sociology at the London School of Economics in 2016. His thesis examined 19th century aquaculture techniques through the lens of the social studies of reproduction, arguing that these techniques constituted an early kind of ‘artificial reproductive technology’
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Ally Palmer
University of Oxford
Ally is a postdoctoral researcher in Geography at the University of Oxford, working with Beth Greenhough and Reuben Message on the ‘Incorporating new species and sites’ sub-strand of the Animal Research Nexus (AnNex). Ally’s work in AnNex focuses on what changes – socially, ethically, practically, and scientifically – when animal research moves out of the lab and into Places Other than Licensed Establishments (POLEs), such as wildlife field sites, veterinary clinics, farms, fisheries, and zoos. Ally’s broader interests are in ethics and human-animal relationships in conservation, especially for orangutans and other non-human primates. Ally’s PhD in Anthropology from UCL (completed in 2018) focused on ethical debates in orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction, and previous master’s work based in New Zealand focused on human-orangutan relationships in zoos.
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Dmitriy Myelnikov
University of Manchester
Dmitriy is a historian of science and medicine with a broad interest in 20th century biomedicine, human-animal relations and the history of science communication. His PhD examined the invention and early adoption of genetically modified (transgenic) mice in the 1980s US and Britain. He has since worked on the history of the Roslin Institute and the cloning of Dolly the Sheep and on the history of Soviet bacteriophage therapy – using viruses to treat bacterial infections.
On the Animal Nexus project, he works with Rob Kirk at CHSTM (University of Manchester) to elucidate the social, political and scientific context of the passing of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act in 1986, and its effects on the practices of lab animal research and welfare. He also explores the effect of transgenic animals on existing lab animal procedures, infrastructures and markets in the 1980s and early 1990s.
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Renelle McGlacken
University of Nottingham
Renelle is a PhD student at the School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Nottingham. She received her MSc in Sociology from the University of Amsterdam where she specialised in Gender, Sexuality, and Culture and undertook research exploring women’s experiences of mainstream nightclubs. Following this, Renelle worked as a research assistant at Blackpool Council, supporting the evaluation of public sector initiatives and undertaking research for local authorities across Lancashire.
Through her role in Project 4 of the Wellcome Trust Animal Research Nexus Programme, Renelle will explore how publics understand animal research in the UK. Given the enduring controversy around animal research, attempts to understand how publics make sense of the practice can work to facilitate dialogue between scientific communities and 'laypeople' and add context to the socioethical concerns that publics raise. With previous work on how publics relate to animal research taking a largely quantitative approach, this PhD uses the Mass Observation Project, an archive documenting everyday life in Britain, to illustrate how publics construct their relationship with the practice and reveal the multiple meanings that animal research is assigned.
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Pru Hobson-West
University of Nottingham
Pru is Associate Professor in Sociology at the University of Nottingham. She is a social scientist with expertise in medical sociology, science and technology studies, and veterinary ethics. Pru has significant experience of interdisciplinary working, including with natural scientists, clinicians and wider stakeholders. She has a particular interest in the use of animals as both producers and consumers of medicine, and in issues around technologies including vaccination.
Pru holds a first class MA (hons) in Politics from the University of Edinburgh, and a PhD in Science and Technology Studies from the University of Nottingham. In 2006 she was awarded a Wellcome Trust Fellowship in Biomedical Ethics which involved a Visiting Fellowship at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard. In 2019 she was a visiting academic at the University of Warwick and holds an Honorary role in the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham.
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Almut Koehler
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Almut graduated in 1996 in veterinary medicine from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Hannover and received her PhD in 2000 on sexual dimorphism in neurohormones. She worked as a post-doc and senior scientist at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and specialized on aquatic organisms (Xenopus laevis and zebrafish) and neural crest research.
Since 2014 she is animal welfare officer at the Division of Safety and Environment at KIT and supervises animal welfare at the European Zebrafish Resource Center (EZRC).
She focuses her research on fish welfare and she convenes the FELASA working group on severity assessment in zebrafish.
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Lynne Sneddon
University of Liverpool
Lynne's research addresses mechanistic and functional questions in animal welfare using aquatic models particularly addressing pain, fear and stress. Lynne first identified nociceptors in a fish in 2002 and has since published prolifically in this field. Current research topics include exploring pain assessment and analgesia in laboratory zebrafish and use of young non-protected larval fish to replace adults. Lynne sits on the NC3Rs Research Grant Panel and is ethics editor for the journal Behavioral Ecology.Currently Lynne is Convenor of a FELASA working group writing guidelines for the management of pain in zebrafish.
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J.P. Mocho
J-P has been a vet for over 15 years. He first practiced in France and UK as a farm animal clinician before becoming a named veterinary surgeon for the largest research institutes and universities in London. He is now the director of a Laboratory Animal Science and Technology consultancy, advising academic research labs, CRO, pharma and other industry stakeholders. Along the route, J-P developed a specific interest for aquatics and he convenes two FELASA working groups on the topic. J-P is also the FELASA Honorary Secretary.
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John Innes
CVS Group plc
John Innes is a RCVS Specialist in small animal orthopaedics and was formerly professor of small animal surgery at University of Liverpool (2001-2013). He has published more than 90 peer-reviewed papers and several textbook chapters in the areas of osteoarthritis and orthopaedics. John was President of the European Society of Veterinary Orthopaedics (ESVOT) 2014-2016 and he was awarded Fellowship of RCVS in 2016 for ‘meritorious contributions to knowledge’. Professor Innes has recently been elected Chair of RCVS Fellowship Board for a three-year term. John is currently Chief Veterinary Officer for CVS Group plc, a company with over 500 veterinary clinics in UK, Netherlands and Ireland
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Ann Hermann
University of Liverpool
Anne is a NC3Rs David Sainsbury Fellow at the Univeristy of Liverpool and her main aim is to develop the 3R compliant chick embryo model as a widely used replacement for rodent models of tumour progression and metastasis. Her research is currently focusing on breast cancer metastasis using advanced live egg imaging with fluorescence, bioluminescence and magnetic resonance.

Anne holds a PhD from the Dresden University of Technology, Germany. Her PhD focused on the impact of hypoxia and Notch on neuronal stem cells. She then moved to the University of Oxford to study the role of hypoxia and novel Notch target genes in breast cancer before moving to the University of Liverpool. There she studied how hypoxia affects neuroblastoma behaviour and the molecular mechanisms governing its aggressiveness and unpredictable clinical behaviour.
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Simon Moss
Sea Mammal Research Unit, St Andrews
Simon is a NACWO and senior technician for the Sea Mammal Research Unit based at the University of St Andrews. I have worked for the SMRU since 1996 both in the captive facility at St Andrews and in the field around the world working with a variety of marine mammal species. I lead most of the fieldwork that the SMRU carries out in coastal waters of the UK capturing seals for our science programme and training staff in handling and sampling techniques.
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Elizabeth Hurd
University of Edinburgh
Liz is the Deputy Director of Bioresearch and Veterinary Services (BVS) at the University of Edinburgh. She received her BSc (hons) and PhD in Biochemistry from the University of Bristol researching sperm proteins involved in mammalian fertilisation. She then went onto do postdoctoral research in reproductive medicine and childhood disease at the University of Michigan, with a focus on hearing loss and inner ear development. After 10 years, Liz returned to the UK and started a new career in transgenic production and facility management at the University of Edinburgh. Her current role is to lead, manage and develop the BVS facilities at the University and oversee the provision of Transgenic services. Her focus is to develop a rewarding, positive working environment for technical staff whilst providing a high quality, high welfare and consistent service for academics.
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